Most Influential Rulers of The Ottoman Empire

The Ottoman Empire, one of the largest and longest-lasting empires in history, spanned over 600 years. At its zenith, the empire was a hub for culture, trade, and politics. The strength and longevity of the Ottoman Empire can be attributed in part to the leadership and vision of its sultans. Let’s take a look at some of the most influential leaders.

Mehmed the Conqueror

Mehmed II is celebrated for conquering Constantinople in 1453, marking the end of the Byzantine Empire and earning him the title “the Conqueror”. This conquest transformed the Ottoman state into an empire and Istanbul into its capital. 

Suleiman the Magnificent

Suleiman I, ruling from 1520 to 1566, was one of the empire’s most distinguished sultan. Under his leadership, the Ottoman Empire reached the apex of its power and territorial extent, stretching from Vienna’s gates to the Indian Ocean. He is also famed for his contribution to the development of the legal system.

Selim the Grim

Selim I’s reign from 1512 to 1520 was brief but impactful. Known as “the Grim” for his stern demeanor and military campaigns, Selim significantly expanded the empire’s borders. He defeated the Safavids in Iran, bringing eastern Anatolia and northern Iraq under Ottoman control, and triumphed over the Mamluks.

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